Benefits and Shortcomings of Mammography Screening
Although it has its side effects, mammography screening is a program offered at a certain cost and in intervals, and is designed for the purpose of early cancer detection which assists in lowering the rates of deaths and also improving therapeutic options. Mammography is currently the only method proved to be capable of solving the above issues. The following paragraphs will discuss on three advantages of Mammography and four of its disadvantages, starting with the advantages.
The first and main advantage of mammography screening is mortality reduction but has a challenge in evaluation because death due to cancer occur during the advanced stages period making it hard to assess for this one type of cancer. Mortality reduction is currently estimated between 15% to 30% in a study where 70% of the women did not participate in the program and it is estimated to exceed 35% for those participating.
The second advantage brought by the early detection due to mammography screening is the increased probability of early treatment since early detection leads to reduced chemotherapy, low number of mastectomies, and improved results from breast conservation
Lastly, on advantages, mammography has enabled the installation of futuristic infrastructure that has been set up to improve coordination and cooperation between diagnosis disciplines which experienced a critical analysis where detection without subsequent assessments happened, something that has helped to improve the quality assurance of the diagnostic chain.
On the cons of this program, it is worth noting that taking a women to the risks of radiation and other risks where, while using the mamografia digital methods , a dosage of 4mGy is offered per breast, which decrease with age since the women who are past 40 years of age are affected less and have a very little chance of dying due to breast cancer, compared to the rest.
Secondly, the program, like all other medical tests, have a chance of giving out a false alarm whereby the screening detects abnormalities which are subjects to further evaluation and assessment but may turn to be benign for the second time, making the women who do not come back take the false alarm as the true results. read more now
Lastly, there the risk of over diagnosis whereby some additional cancers detected may not have come to affect the person if the screening was not done and detecting them does not reduce death rates and this can be proved by the fact that a screened population of the same composition and age tend to have more breast cancers than the unscreened population with the same composition and age.
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